Techno-economic analysis of novel working fluid pairs for the Kalina cycle
Tim Eller, Florian Heberle, Dieter Brüggemann
Session: Poster session & Welcome drinks
Session starts: Wednesday 13 September, 17:30
Tim Eller (Center of Energy Technology (ZET), University of Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95447 Bayreuth, Germany)
Florian Heberle (Center of Energy Technology (ZET), University of Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95447 Bayreuth, Germany)
Dieter Brüggemann (Center of Energy Technology (ZET), University of Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95447 Bayreuth, Germany)
The organic Rankine cycle (ORC) and the Kalina cycle (KC) are well established thermodynamic concepts for decentralized power generation based on waste heat at low and medium temperature level. In a previous exergetic analysis, it has been shown that second law efficiency of KC can be increased by applying alcohol/alcohol mixtures as working fluid instead of ammonia/water. The aim of this work is to provide a detailed evaluation of operational parameters of a novel ethanol/hexanol mixture as a working fluid for the KC. Therefore, process simulations in ASPEN PLUS V8.0 are conducted. As a benchmark the KC with standard working fluid ammonia/water and the ORC are examined. Next to thermodynamic aspects, a techno-economic evaluation of the KC and the ORC is conducted. For 200 °C, 300 °C and 400 °C heat source temperature the pressure, power output, heat exchange capacity and the size parameter are analyzed. Compared to ammonia/water alcohol/alcohol mixtures offer an up to 1.5 times higher power output, an up to 66.6 % lower pressure and heat exchange capacity, but lead to 5.6 times higher size parameters. Compared to the KC, the subcritical ORC leads to an up to 3.4 % lower power output. The heat exchange capacity is at least 33.3 % and the size parameter up to 6.3 times lower. For the considered concepts, ammonia/water leads to the lowest specific cost with 619.4 €/kW. However, the cost estimation for the KC is related to several uncertainties. Therefore, the pure fluid ORC should be preferred in terms of techno-economic considerations.To sum up, the results show that the pure fluid ORC should be preferred in terms of techno-economic considerations.